Aortic stenosis in children


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Aortic stenosis is known for the disorder in which the flow of blood between the left ventricle and the aorta being obstruct. There are different causes of aortic stenosis which includes muscular obstruction below the aortic valve; also it includes the difficulty in the valve itself. Aortic stenosis is a heart disorder that can happen with the newborn while birth or also it can develop later as age goes on. If aortic stenosis is in congenital, then this can develop while the first 8 weeks of pregnancy.

Causes of Aortic stenosis: –

There is not any particular and medical cause of this disorder, even the doctors or specialist said that aortic stenosis can develop during the fetal growth due to improper development of the aortic valve in the first 8 weeks.

Some of the congenital heart disorder can be due to a genetic link or defective gene, causing heart disorder to happen more often in certain families.

Symptoms of Aortic stenosis: –

The signs and symptoms of aortic stenosis are depended upon the age of the affected child. And it may also depend upon the size of blockage in valve. More severe aortic stenosis may cause:

  • Fatigue or tiredness
  • The color of lips or skin gets discolored and indicates low oxygen levels
  • Baby can avoid having food properly.
  • The issue with the weight gain.
  • Baby can feel dizziness or lightheadedness, especially with physical activity while playing.
  • Fainting
  • May face the issue of shortness of breath.
  • Irregular heartbeats or feeling the heartbeat
  • Baby can feel pain in their chest pain or pressure on it.

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How you can diagnose aortic stenosis: –

It happens that when the doctor checks the heartbeat of your child then you may hear a heart murmur with a stethoscope. If your baby is suffering from this disorder then the sound of this murmur is heard like abnormal sound as blood moves through the heart. When it gives you sound like abnormal heart murmur then it may cause that your child has a heart defect.

If you want to confirm that your child has this diagnosed or not then you should take your child to a pediatric cardiologist to confirm the diagnosis. A pediatric cardiologist is a kind of specialist in the treatment of heart defects and another kind of heart problems in children as well. You can also take your child for different tests, such as:

Chest X-ray: This can help you to see the overall picture of your child’s heart and lungs.

Electrocardiogram (ECG): you can also take your child for this test because it measures the electrical activity of the heart.

Echocardiogram (Echo: with the help of this test your doctor can take a moving picture of the heart and valves because of uses of sound waves. And as per the specialist, this is known to be the best tests for aortic stenosis.

Cardiac catheterization: With the help of this test you can see the whole picture or structure of the child’s heart. This test takes place while the child is in sleep. In this case, the doctor drops a flexible tube which is a catheter, into the child’s blood vessels. And then it moves slowly towards the heart. Doctors also can inject contrast dye to see more detail.

Exercise testing: This technique allows your doctor to check the child’s ECG while exercising.

Pulse oximetry: This is one of the most common and simple tests in which doctor will out some electric clips in your finger to measure oxygen levels in the blood.

Treatment for aortic stenosis in children: –

There is not any specific treatment for aortic stenosis but it may determine and baes on some factors, such as:

The age of your child, and its overall health, and medical history.

Tolerance capacity for specific medications and therapies

Basically, aortic stenosis is treated with the treatment of obstructed valve. And there are some procedures especially

Balloon aortic valvuloplasty: -This procedure takes place with cardiovascular catheterization utilizing a catheter with an emptied inflatable in the tip. The catheter is put into a vein. It is moved to the limited valve, and the inflatable is expanded to open the valve.

Surgical aortic valvotomy: – This is a medical procedure to expel scar tissue from the aortic valve handouts. This lets the tissues to open as they should.

Aortic valve replacement: – This is a medical procedure to supplant the aortic valve with another valve. Substitution valves are either fake or from an organ donor.

Pulmonary autograft: -This is a medical procedure to supplant the aortic valve and part of the aorta. Your child own aspiratory valve and some portion of the pulmonary vein are utilized to supplant the harmed aortic valve. Numerous specialists lean toward this technique since it keeps on fit and healthy your child as it grows old.

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